CFIUS Publishes Guidance on Types of Transactions Having National Security Considerations
The Treasury Department, as chair of the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS), and as required by the Foreign Investment and the Foreign Investment and National Security Act of 2007 (FINSA), has for the first time issued guidance on the types of mergers, acquisitions and takeovers by foreign persons that CFIUS has reviewed and presented "national security considerations."
The guidance, published in today's Federal Register (pdf), also provides insight into how CFIUS identifies the national security effects of covered transactions.
Some of the types of covered transactions involving foreign control of U.S. businesses that have presented national security considerations include:
- Transactions involving U.S businesses that provide products and services—either as prime contractors or as subcontractors or suppliers to prime contractors—to agencies of the U.S. Government and state and local authorities, including, but not limited to, sole-source arrangements.
- U.S. businesses in the energy sector at various stages of the value chain. This includes the exploitation of natural resources, the transportation of these resources (e.g., by pipeline), the conversion of these resources to power, and the provision of power to U.S. Government and civilian customers.
- U.S. businesses that affect the domestic transportation system, including maritime shipping and port terminal operations and aviation maintenance, repair and overhaul.
- Transactions involving U.S. businesses that could significantly and directly affect the U.S. financial system.
- Transactions involving U.S. critical infrastructure, including major energy assets.
- U.S. businesses’ production of certain types of advanced technologies that may be useful in defending, or in seeking to impair, U.S. national security. Many of these U.S. businesses are engaged in the design and production of semiconductors and other equipment or components that have both commercial and military applications. Others are engaged in the production or supply of goods and services involving cryptography, data protection, Internet security, and network intrusion detection, and they may or may not have contracts with U.S. Government agencies.
- CFIUS stated that a significant portion of the covered transactions that it has reviewed and that have presented national security considerations have involved U.S. businesses that are engaged in the research and development, production, or sale of technology, goods, software, or services that are subject to U.S. export controls.