President Obama Signs Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010
This evening President Obama signed into law H.R. 2194, the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act of 2010. The text of the President's remarks made at the signing ceremony are as follows:
Good evening everyone. As President, one of my highest national security priorities is to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons. That is why my Administration has aggressively pursued a comprehensive agenda on non-proliferation and nuclear security.
Leading by example, we agreed with Russia to reduce our own nuclear arsenals through the new START Treaty—and I’ve urged the Senate to move forward with ratification this year. And with allies and partners, we’ve strengthened the global non-proliferation regime, including the cornerstone of our efforts—the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.
Now, in the entire world, there is only one signatory to the NPT—only one—that has been unable to convince the International Atomic Energy Agency that its nuclear program is for peaceful purposes. That nation is Iran. For years, the Iranian government has violated its commitments, defied United Nations Security Council resolutions, and forged ahead with its nuclear program—all while supporting terrorist groups and suppressing the aspirations of the Iranian people.
Since taking office, I have made it clear that the United States was prepared to begin a new chapter of engagement with the Islamic Republic of Iran. We offered the Iranian government a clear choice. It could fulfill its international obligations and realize greater security, deeper economic and political integration with the world, and a better future for all Iranians. Or, it could continue to flout its responsibilities and face even more pressure and isolation.
To date, Iran has chosen the path of defiance. That is why we have steadily built a broader and deeper coalition of nations to pressure the Iranian government. Last month, we joined with our partners at the U.N. Security Council to pass the toughest and most comprehensive multilateral sanctions that the Iranian government has ever faced. And I want to thank our tireless Ambassador to the U.N.—Susan Rice.
As I said last month, we will ensure that these sanctions are vigorously enforced. At the same time, we will work with allies and friends to refine and enforce our own sanctions on Iran. And that is exactly what we have been doing. Here in the United States—and thanks to the efforts of Treasury Secretary Tim Geithner—we have imposed sanctions against more institutions and individuals involved with Iran’s nuclear and missile programs.
Other nations are taking action alongside us, such as Australia, which announced new sanctions, including those against a major Iranian bank and Iran’s shipping company. The European Union is moving ahead with additional strong measures against Iran’s financial, banking, insurance, transportation, and energy sectors, as well as Iran’s Revolutionary Guards. Other countries, such as Canada, have indicated they will also be taking action. In other words, we are ratcheting up the pressure on the Iranian government for its failure to meet its obligations.
Today, we’re taking another step—a step that demonstrates the broad and bipartisan support for holding Iran accountable. I am pleased to sign into law the toughest sanctions against Iran ever passed by the United States Congress—the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act.
I want to thank all the Members of Congress who worked on behalf of this legislation, including Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Representatives Steny Hoyer and Eric Cantor. Although they weren’t able to join us, I want to acknowledge Senators Harry Reid, Jon Kyl and Richard Shelby. And I want to thank those who led the effort to forge a final bill that received overwhelming bipartisan support—Senator Chris Dodd and Representative Howard Berman.
Consistent with the Security Council mandate, this legislation strengthens existing sanctions, authorizes new ones and supports our multilateral diplomatic strategy to address Iran’s nuclear programs. It makes it harder for the Iranian government to purchase refined petroleum and the goods, services and materials to modernize Iran’s oil and natural gas sector. It makes it harder for the Revolutionary Guards and banks that support Iran’s nuclear programs and terrorism to engage in international finance. It says to companies seeking procurement contracts with the United States government—if you want to do business with us, you first have to certify that you’re not doing prohibited business with Iran.
In short, with these sanctions—along with others—we are striking at the heart of the Iranian government’s ability to fund and develop its nuclear programs. We are showing the Iranian government that its actions have consequences. And if it persists, the pressure will continue to mount, and its isolation will continue to deepen. There should be no doubt—the United States and the international community are determined to prevent Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons.
Finally, even as we increase pressure on the Iranian government, we are sending an unmistakable message that the United States stands with the Iranian people as they seek to exercise their universal rights. This legislation imposes sanctions on individuals who commit serious human rights abuses. And it exempts from our trade embargo technologies that allow the Iranian people to access information and communicate freely. In Iran and around the world, the United States of America will continue to stand with those who seek justice and progress and the human rights and dignity of all people.
So, again, this is not a day that we sought—but it is an outcome that was chosen by the Iranian government when it repeatedly failed to meet its responsibilities. The government of Iran still has a choice. The door to diplomacy is still open. Iran can prove that its intentions are peaceful. It can meet its obligations under the NPT and achieve the security and prosperity worthy of a great nation. It can have confidence in the Iranian people and allow their rights to flourish.
Indeed, Iranians are heirs to a remarkable history. They are renowned for their talents and contributions to humanity. Here in the United States, Iranian-Americans have thrived. And within Iran, there is great potential for the Iranian people to forge greater prosperity through deeper integration with the international community, including the United States. That is the future we seek – one where Iran’s leaders do not hold their own people back by failing to live up to Iran’s international obligations; one where Iran can reclaim its place in the community of nations, and find greater peace and prosperity.
That is the Iranian government’s choice. And it remains our hope that they choose this path, even as we are clear-eyed about the difficult challenges ahead. With that, I will sign this legislation into law.
Labels: Sanctions; Iran