International Trade Law News /title <!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd"> <html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" lang="en"> <meta name="verify-v1" content="6kFGcaEvnPNJ6heBYemQKQasNtyHRZrl1qGh38P0b6M=" /> <head> <title>International Trade Law News

« Home | Finding a Willing Buyer Only One Part of the Expor... » | U.K. Company Fined $17 Million for Exporting Boein... » | Next NCITD Meeting to Feature Speakers Discussing ... » | Two BIS Nominees Approved by Senate Banking Commit... » | Taiwan National Arrested on Charges of Exporting D... » | 2010 Quadrennial Defense Review Highlights Need to... » | OFAC Publishes Belarus Sanctions Regulations » | President Obama Advises Congress That North Korea ... » | DDTC Imposes $1 Million Penalty on German Company ... » | Senate Passes Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accoun... » 

February 09, 2010 

Export Control Reform 2010: Transforming the Legal Architecture of Dual-Use and Defense Trade Controls

While there have been many export control reform proposals issued in the past few months, very few of them have focused on the legal aspects of the U.S. export control regime.

Neena Shenai, an adjunct scholar at the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, has added an interesting perspective to the export control reform debate in her working paper entitled Export Control Reform 2010: Transforming the Legal Architecture of Dual-Use and Defense Trade Controls (available here in PDF format). Ms. Shenai, an attorney, is well-suited to provide this perspective given her experience in the private sector and in government, which includes serving as a law clerk to a judge at the U.S. Court of International Trade, practicing international trade law at a leading law firm and serving as an advisor to the Assistant Secretary for Export Administration at the Commerce Department's Bureau of Industry and Security.

The paper offers the thesis that improvements in the export control system’s legal architecture, including administrative procedural safeguards and limited judicial review while also protecting classified information and national security determinations, will improve the workings of the system in general.

Ms. Shenai reaches that conclusion by discussing the existing legal framework of dual-use and defense-related export controls, examining the various shortcomings of the existing export controls legal regime and discussing what can be learned from other U.S. international-related legal regimes that could serve as useful models for reform of the U.S. export control system. The regimes examined include the licensing of nuclear products by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the administration of trade remedy laws, the administration of U.S. customs laws and the treatment of national security information protected from disclosure under the Freedom of Information Act.

The paper then provides a number of general and specific recommendations to improve the legal framework of the export control system, including improvements to the commodity jurisdiction (CJ), commodity classification and licensing processes. For example, the paper advocates having agency decisions provide applicants with detailed information on why licenses were granted or denied, the grounds on how CJ determinations are made and allowing applicants the ability to appeal such decisions to a federal court, preferably the Court of International Trade, given its longstanding history of hearing cases under the U.S. trade laws.

Ms. Shenai concludes by noting that "the recommendations made in this paper, if implemented, would serve to ensure that the U.S. export control laws are administered in a fair, transparent, predictable, and accountable fashion, while simultaneously maintaining national security protections."

It should be noted that this working paper has not yet been finalized and Ms. Shenai welcomes comments and corrections. Information on how to contact Ms. Shenai can be found in the document.

Labels: , ,


Editor

Subscribe

Subscribe to our confidential mailing list

Mobile Version

Search Trade Law News

International Trade and Compliance Jobs

Jobs from Indeed

Archives

Categories

Disclaimer

  • This Site is presented for general informational purposes only and does not constitute legal advice. No attorney-client relationship is formed when you use this Site. Do not consider the Site to be a substitute for obtaining legal advice from a qualified attorney. The information on this Site may be changed without notice and is not guaranteed to be complete, correct or up-to-date. While we try to revise this Site on a regular basis, it may not reflect the most current legal developments. The opinions expressed on this Site are the opinions of the individual author.
  • The content on this Site may be reproduced and/or distributed in whole or in part, provided that its source is indicated as "International Trade Law News, www.tradelawnews.com".
  • ©2003-2015. All rights reserved.

Translate This Site


Powered by Blogger